If you’ve recently had unprotected sex or experienced birth control failure, you may be looking for more information on morning-after pills and emergency contraception to prevent a possible pregnancy.
Learn more about the different types of emergency contraceptives, how it works, and what they do.
Note: If you are already experiencing pregnancy symptoms, make an appointment today for free testing and explore your options.
How do emergency contraceptives work?
Emergency contraceptives work by delaying or preventing your ovulation. Ovulation is the release of an egg from your ovaries. If there is no egg for the sperm to fertilize, no pregnancy can occur. However, this does not mean that they are guaranteed to stop pregnancy. If you were already ovulating at the time of the unprotected sex the medication will try and prevent fertilization.
What are the most common side effects of emergency contraceptives?
Common side effects can include:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Abdominal Pain
- Tiredness (fatigue)
- Breast pain
- Spotting (bleeding in between periods)
- Heavier menstrual bleeding
Obesity may affect the efficacy of emergency contraceptives. Side effects can vary in intensity; no two people react to things the same.
Using emergency contraceptives may delay your period by up to one week. If you do not get your period after one week from its expected date a pregnancy test is needed to determine if you’re pregnant.
Are morning-after pills and 5-day after pills the same?
The FDA has approved the name brand and specific generic forms of the morning-after pill which need to be taken within 72 hours of intercourse. There is a 5-day pill, but this requires a doctor’s prescription.
Before taking any emergency contraceptive, it’s important to talk to a doctor about their side-effects and how they are used.
What if I am already pregnant when I take an emergency contraceptive?
Once you are pregnant, emergency contraception can prevent a fertilized egg from attaching inside your uterus (implantation). If fertilization and implantation have already happened, emergency contraception will not interrupt the pregnancy.
Where can I get more information about emergency contraception?
While there are many credible sources available online about emergency contraceptives, there is an equal amount of misinformation. Sifting through myths and facts can be difficult.
Because every woman is different, we recommend coming in and talking with one of our nurses about emergency contraceptives and your options. You can also discuss your health history and possible side-effects of emergency contraception.